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Sound features of fans

Noise characteristics of the equipment are shown in the tables indicating:

  • Sound-power level LWA in dBA i frequency bands to inlet, outlet and environment of the fan.
  • The total sound power level dBA at 3 m distance.

The frequency band has eight wave groups. Each group has a definite mediumd frequency: 63 Hz, 125 Hz, 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2 kHz, 4 kHz and 8 kHz. Any noise is distributed to definite frequency bands and the sound energy is dissipated to various frequency.

The sound produced by the operating fan is spread along the air duct, partially attenuates inside the unit and penetrates through the grilles inside the premise. Ventilation system design is based on acoustic calculation which is an integral part of any premise ventilation design. The calculation is aimed to define the octavefrequency band in the operating points and the required sound attenuation level by means of comparing this spectrum with the permissible values according to hygienic regulations. After selection of construction and acoustic means for sound attenuation the expected sound-pressure levels are tested to check the efficiency in the selected operating points.

dBa Characteristics Sound source
0 no noise  
5 almost not audible
10 low leaves rustling
15 hardly audible medium leaves rustling
20 human whisper (1 m distance)
25 quiet human whisper (1 m distance)
30 whisper, wall clock ticking
standard sound level for residential premises from 23.00 till 07.00
35 quite audible low speech
40 conventional speech
standard sound level for residential premises from 07.00 till 23.00
45 conventional conversation
50 definitely audible conversation, typing
55 standard for A office premises (EN)
60 noisy office standard
65 loud conversation (1 m)
70 several loud conversations (1 m)
75 shout, laughter
80 very noisy shouting, operating motorcycle with a silencer
85 loud shouting, operating motorcycle with a silencer
90 Loud shouts, freight car (7 m)
95 moving subway train (7 m)
100 extremely noisy Orchestra, subway car (abruptly), thunder
Maximum permissible sound pressure for headphones of a personal stereo (according to European norms)
105 inside an airplane (before 1980s)
110 helicopter
115 sandblaster (1 m)
120 almost unbearable pneumatic hammer (1 m)
130 Pain threshold airplane at start
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