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What is IP?

While selecting equipment type and its mounting place ensure compliance of operating conditions to the indicated ingress protection parameters. Any electrical appliance must meet two ingress protection demands:

  • ensure safety to the user and service personnel and to protect the electrical components located inside the appliance against environmental impact, i.e. Ingress Protection (IP).

IP rating refers to dust-proof and moisture protection of the equipment and its electrical safety.

Information regarding protection rating marked IP and two digits indicating protectiont degree is specified in technical documentation and on casing of the equipment, i.e. IP20 or IP65. The first digit shows the degree of protection against access to hazardous objects. Protection characteristics defined by the first digit is stated in the table 1. The second digit shows the degree of protection against water ingress and its characteristics are stated in the table 2.

Table 1

First digit   Protection characteristics   Description
х   No ingress protection   Oped construction, no dust protection and protection against contact with current-carrying parts.
1 Large-scale objects protection Protection from objects equal to or greater than 50 mm and hand accidental touch to currentcarrying parts.
2 Medium-size objects protection Protection from objects equal to or greater than 12 mm. and fingers touch to current-carrying parts.
3 Small-size objects protection Protection from objects equal to or greater than 2,5 mm and entry by tools, wires or fingers.
4 Sand protection Protection from objects equal to or greater than 1 mm and entry by tools, wires or fingers.
5 Dust protection Significant dust quantity can be accumulated inside the casing which does not disturb the rated operation. Full protection against touch to current-carrying parts.
6 Dust-tight protection No dust penetration inside the equipment.


Table 2

Second digit   Protection characteristics   Description
х   No ingress protection   Open construction with no protection against water.
1 Protection against vertically dripping water Water drops dripping vertically do not damage equipment.
2 Protection from vertically dripping water (15° tilted) Water drops falling vertically at 15° do not damage equipment.
3 Protection from sprayed water Water falling as a spray at any angle up to 60° from the vertical shall have no harmful effect.
4 Protection from splashed water Water splashing against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects for the equipment in the casing.
5 Protection from jetting water Water projected by a nozzle against enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects for the equipment in the casing.
6 Protection from powerfully jetting water Water projected in powerful jets against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects for the equipment in the casing.
7 Protection against temporary immersion in water Ingress of water in harmful quantity shall not be possible when the equipment is immersed in water.
8 Protection against complete, permamnent immersion in water The equipment is suitable for continuous immersion in water under conditions which shall be specified by the manufacturer


Certification
  CE-marked equipment means that the goods are produced in compliance with the quality and safety standards provided by EU regulations for the current item (marked by the manufacturer).     Mark of conformity to the Ukrainian Quality Standards and electrical safety issued by Ukrtest.
Mark of conformity to the European Quality Standards and electrical safety issued by Association for Technical Inspection (Technischer Überwachungsverein, Germany). Mark of conformity of the goods subject to obligatory certification in DSTR sustem as well as technical norms and standards acting at Russian Federation.
Mark of conformity to the Polish Quality Standards and electrical safety issued by PCBC (Polish center for testing and certification). Insulation class: double insulation.
Mark of conformity to the Slovak Quality Standards and electrical safety issued by EVPU (Slovakia). Applicance ingress protection rating (refer to tables 1, 2).
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